Social media users accused authorities of projecting an image of modernisation abroad while cracking down at home.
“This is so typical of the Saudi government to do – bring western influencers to artwash the regime but attack real Saudi women who try to artistically express their cultural identities,” tweeted Amani Al-Ahmadi, who identifies herself as a Saudi-American feminist.
Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman is promoting a more modern image of the country abroad as part of his Vision 2030 programme of reform.
Artists including Mariah Carey, Nicki Minaj and BTS have been invited to perform in the kingdom.
Nicki Minaj pulled out after a backlash, citing her support for the rights of women and the LGBT community.
At a music festival in December, 120 Saudi men and women were arrested for wearing “inappropriate clothes.”