June 12: A daughter’s search for her father, how a country found its missing pages
When Nigerien filmmaker, Amina Mamani, lost her father Mamani Abdoulaye, novelist, writer, poet, activist and politician in a road accident, she was 10. She never knew who he really was. She never had the complete picture of him, she never had an inkling of what it meant to have a father, she never knew what made him tick, save from patches of glimpses and selective limiting portraits vouchsafed her by the Nigerien authorities and the powers that be. But growing up, she was determined not just to know her father, to have his complete picture, but also to tell the world her story.
Amina indeed got to know her father by storytelling through film. And she is telling her father’s story via an award-winning biopic, a documentary, In The Footsteps Of Mamani Abdoulaye, which she spent 10 years putting together as she searched for her father by talking with people and digging into his past.
Amina traced her father’s footsteps and ended up bonding with him. Still, the search for her father is actually a metaphor for Niger’s search for self, for nationhood. While the filmmaker may have seen her father and uncovered some truths, Niger, sadly like other African countries, is still searching for self, groping in the dark and groveling in poverty, squalor and disease more than 50 years after independence.
That documentary, which Molara Wood, journalist, writer and author of Indigo, described as riveting was screened at Alliance Francaise, Adenuga Centre in Ikoyi on Sunday 12 June, 2022 to commemorate the 29th anniversary of the annulment of the 1993 June 12 Presidential election in Nigeria.
A striking feature of the documentary is that it uncovers the rotten underbelly of a country, its political actors and draws an uncanny parallel with Nigeria’s history and her search for democracy, what with both countries gaining independence almost at the same time and sharing a common boundary that is indeed without borders socio-culturally.
On hand to do justice to the documentary were Ms Molara Wood and Mr Kunle Ajibade, journalist, writer and Executive Editor TheNEWS/PMNEWS who was not just jailed for life by the then Nigerian military dictator Gen Sani Abacha, but almost died in his gulag. And contrasting tropes such as memory and forgetting, history and selective amnesia, dictatorship and democracy, identity and erasure dominated the discourse that evening.
Wood set the ball rolling when she asked Ajibade why he thought the documentary had so much grip on the audience and brought a figure that was almost forgotten back to life. Ajibade on his part hinged it on the fact that the documentary was a labour of love and that Amina’s pulsating love for her father, her filial ties to her father, runs through the entire film.
“You will agree with me that nothing is difficult to really percolate when it is infused with love. D.H. Lawrence once said that love is an inspirational, creative force. And you can see that the meticulous film that you just watched has a lot to do with that. She set out not only to dig all those necessary materials that would give a full portrait of her father but also to let even the father speak in his own voice. And I think you can’t cut it to the bone better than that,” Ajibade, author of Jailed For Life and What A Country!, noted.
Ajibade also said Amina made the film meticulously, moving from one point to the other with the passion of a lover, one who loves her country and the youths of that country. “Look at the way the documentary ends. It’s clear that she is a filmmaker driven by a higher purpose. She probably said to herself that ‘I am doing this not just because I love my father, not just because I love my country, but because I also love the youths of my country.’ So to that extent, she is interested in making sure that there is a kind of replacement, the replacement of the spirit of her father. And I think that that higher purpose was the driving force. And that’s why the documentary has that large dose of integrity,” Ajibade maintained.
Wood, aligning her thoughts with Ajibade’s said the filmmaker actually spoke in the voices of all the people who knew her father and was happy to just be in the background and let her father speak. Ajibade also spoke about how the present is haunted by the past in the documentary; how the young Nigeriens have inherited a history book of which many pages are missing, noting that the will of the powerful people have erased many areas of the past.
When Wood asked the distinguished journalist’s for his thought on the screening of the documentary on June 12, a day declared Democracy Day and a national holiday in Nigeria, Ajibade spoke about hidden history and erasure, how a country deliberately distorts history and erases some truths and facts. “First of all, let me respond to the question of hidden history that you raised in the course of asking that question. When Amina showed this documentary at the University of Niamey, some historians and students, after the show, went to her to say: ‘We knew of your father as a novelist, as a poet, but we did not know him as an activist and politician.’
“How could anyone know so much of Mamani Abdoulaye as a novelist and as a poet and not know him as a politician of Sawaba party, as a unionist, as an activist and as an exile? The truth of the matter, as you can see, is that that history of Mamani as an activist and a politician was the kind of history that the authority in Niger would not want people to know, the kind of history they would like to forget. And deliberately so, they push that history out of the dominant national history of Niger. Of course, you know of that kind of trend in this country. So what the film has done is to dwell extensively on that hidden history of Niger and Mamani Abdoulaye. Because that is the history that would inspire people, would inspire others,” Ajibade said.
Drawing parallels between Niger and Nigeria, he said similar cases of erasure and strategic, deliberate remembrance and forgetting happened in both countries. “The second thing is that all those who fought for democracy, for liberty, egalitarianism and all that shortly before independence, who fought for independence in Niger were not the ones who benefited from that independence. Again we have parallels of that in Nigeria. At independence in Nigeria, the likes of Enahoro who moved the motion for independence as a young man, who fought for independence, the likes of Obafemi Awolowo and the rest were strategically alienated and pushed aside. And the rest, of course, is history, just like it is history in Niger. Those who took over power were simply incapable of appreciating what independence was all about.”
Ajibade posited that independence was never the solution as many African countries had erroneously thought but the beginning of making governance work for the benefit of the people. But that sadly is not the case in many African countries.
“In fact, the documentary tells us that the coming of independence coincided with the rise of dictatorship. And talking about Democracy Day, proclamation is not enough. Just like independence was proclaimed, the question is what happens to the spirit of that proclamation? When you proclaim independence, when you invoke democratic ideals and values, the responsibility is on you to work towards achieving those ideals. Have we been working towards achieving the ideals of democracy? Can we really say, in the true sense of the word, that we have democracy at the moment? My answer is no.”
Ajibade, while marshaling out his points, also spoke not just about the Nigerian government deliberate policy to abolish the teaching of history in schools but how history is being taught wrongly. “When you have a country that deliberately, stupidly, wiped out history from its curriculum then you must lay the blame where it belongs. What were they smoking when they did that? I agree that the way history was being taught was problematic,” referencing for example how an historical figure like Mansa Musa of old Mali Empire is being portrayed in history books as an extravagant king who distributed gold on the streets when he visited Mecca.
I could ask my myself later in life, as a business man, why was he distributing those gold to people? Was he a Father Christmas? Couldn’t he have invested the fabulous wealth in great things? And he devalued other people’s currencies. We need to teach our history. We also need to interrogate it. History matters but the teaching of it, the way it is also presented, matters. Amina does not preach in this documentary. It is not propaganda. It is a very good work— a documentary of commitment and hope. And she has done it for a higher purpose. Her father did not win any major literary award in his life-time, this affectionate documentary is not only a befitting tribute to him. it is more than any award.”
Still talking about erasure, Wood wondered how little she knew about the West African landlocked country, Niger. “It’s a country just right up there, at the top of the map and when we talk about the proliferation of small arms and desertification in West Africa, Niger gets mentioned. Now we are talking about insecurity. But I didn’t know about this great African revolutionary figure.” The author of Indigo then asked Ajibade why is it that we know so little of this country next door and Mamani Abdoulaye is just being revealed to a lot of people through the film.
Ajibade hinged it on language difference. “Part of it I think has to do with language. Nigeria is surrounded by Francophone counties. But how many of our secondary schools teach French, even for economic reason? So we need to get serious about that. It is not just about the politics of these African countries. As you can see, it is even strategically important now to know the language,. So we got to do something about that,” he noted.
During the Q & A session, Obinna asked Ajibade from the audience what his thoughts were on Nigeria erasing Biafran history. Ajibade said he was not aware of any publisher refusing a manuscript on Biafran history or any government banning writing on Biafran history. Ajibade also said he was more interested in how history is written and told, adding that virtually much of the history of Biafra is written as propaganda either from the federal or Biafran side and one hardly gets the truth. Backing up his point, he narrated how during the war, his father kept many of his friends who were Igbo on his cocoa farm. Ajibade then asked, where is that kind of story told in books?
“Stories like that you have from people in Lagos here and other parts of the South-west of people helping their friends to keep their property. In fact, helping them to collect rent which they returned when our compatriots from the East returned to Lagos. Where is that story told in books, not necessarily in history books, but in novels? In novel after novel stories like that are absent. How I wish young authors can just baulk this style of presentation in order to save the rest of us and the country from the menace of a a single story. Let us have a compassionate story, stories that would help the rest of us and generation unborn to understand that our humanity matters, that in the end truth will trump lies and propaganda. For me that is important. That is about style. It is not just about telling this story, the way that story is told is very important. We must tell that story to humanize ourselves: not to pass on the poison of hatred. Not to deliberately turn more people into trauma patients. I implore young Nigerians to liberate themselves from the prison-house of the history of Nigeria-Biafra war.”
Asked what his thought on democracy in Africa were and whether it was suitable for the African continent, Ajibade said, with a word of caution, that we must commit ourselves to making it work and that military takeover is not an option. “It is difficult to be hopeful about democracy in Africa, starting with our own country. But what I always say to people is that we just have to keep working at it. We must commit ourselves to it. Because the alternative is not the way out. And what is that alternative? The military? No way. I do not think that military government is preferable to the putative democracy that we have right now, no matter how problematic it is. Let us work harder at it by participating. It is human to agonize. The way we keep agonizing here is human. But we must do more of organizing than agonizing. We agonize a lot in this country. People should organize much more.”
Ajibade then read excerpts on Dr Beko Ransome Kuti from his book, What A Country! because, according to him, Beko represented, and still represents, the spirit of the struggle for democracy.
Aduke Gomez, lawyer, writer and poet, on her part, opined that she hoped the stories that are being written can be converted into films, into forms that are accessible to people because not everybody has the stamina to sit down and be going through piles and piles of books. Heroes are great and we love heroes. But we wouldn’t know about Achilles if Homer hadn’t done his work. So the stories need to be written, they need to be told and they need to be retold over and over again,” she noted.
Popular Nigerian actress Joke Silva said the documentary was so moving that she was controlling herself not to cry. “There was what you said about the fact that what we know in Nigeria about Niger are these people who are driving our okadas, who we think have become a menace. That’s what we know of Niger. And we are seeing that Niger had these incredible political people. We are learning things about Niger. Maybe it is something that needs to be shared more,” she advised.
She also said the struggle for June 12 was not only made a bit fresher, but was also brought to the fore and likened M.K. O Abiola to the presidential candidate of the All Progressives Congress Asiwaju Ahmed Bola Tinubu, both of whom she said shares an uncanny similarity.
“The struggle for June 12 is made a bit fresher. It is brought again to the fore. The symbol of June 12 was Abiola, whom at the time he was contesting, a lot of people detested. He was such a controversial figure until the election was annulled. And then he become a symbol for whom everybody gathered around to born the democracy that we have now. I wonder if that is what we have in Tinubu that is so controversial also? Because of some of the things that Abiola was also accused of.
“And then finally, on this issue of producing films, my response is that we want to make the films. We’re looking for the people who will fund them. If we find the funders, we will make them,” Silva explained.
And a vote of thanks by Aderinsola Ajao on behalf of Screen Out Loud, which made the screening of the documentary possible with the support of Alliance Francaise and the Embassy of France signaled the end of that unforgettable evening.